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Energy Equality with the Solar Photovoltaic (2010)
Spain has spent 10 years legislating the production of renewable energies as a typified economic activity, like "factories of electricity". From this epigraph, impractical and absurd conditions are derived for the domestic users, neighborhood communities, small businesses, etc. All of the politics of the development of the renewables has been realized with only the pattern of selling electricity to the electric grid.
The photovoltaic energy meets two conditions as to make it adaptable to domestic needs: it is modular, and it is easily integrated into housing. The government of Spain however, continues in dictating the regulation of energy oligopolies to society in order to impede access of the electric grid to the citizens.
For years, the Terra Foundation has been advocating that the development of photovoltaic energy should be linked to energy savings, and that this should occur in the same place as consumption is. This motive claims the right that any citizen with a power supply contract can self produce their own energy and have a special rate (neither incentive nor subsidy) that transposes the socio-environmental benefits of investing in its point of consumption of electricity with photovoltaic energy. The Terra Foudation proposes 2 good and simple measures that should meet any subscriber under 70 kW of contracted power in low tension:
• that the photovoltaic power admissible does not exceed 70% of the potency in contracted kilowatts and
• that the photovoltaic production can not overcome a maximum of 170% of the average consumption at the supply point.
Also it should fit the possibility that if the point of connection for the photovoltaic plant is not available to enable the user for self production, it should always be able to be assigned to another point, so long as it has the same characteristics of interest and is technically possible.
Photovoltaic of auto production: as easy as contracting power consumption
For legalization of 70 kW photovoltaics plants, we think will be enough a simply comunicated for less 10 kW , and from 11 to 70 kW is required for a project loan to be signed by an engineer who is accompanying the legalization newsletter as if it were a point of consumption. For its part, the electric distributer should simply give the self producing power contract to REE as is currently done with contracts of consumption, so that it manages the grid to which it belongs.
The Terra Foundation critisizes that the Spanish legislation which regulates the photovoltaic instalations is a beaurocratic labrynth and a system incapable of allowing the participation of citizens. It therefore calls for the implementation of the same concept as the apparatuses of climatization to the photovoltaic plants of less than 70 kW, since it is of solar appliance that contributes to energy savings and reduced greenhouse emmisions.
A measure of this scale, not only contributes to the energy savings but also to the creation of employment for the instalation as well as the maintenance. Also, according to the Terra Foundation, legislation is very simple because by the same form that there is an electricity rate to curb fuel poverty, it can be articulated that a solar electricity rate can contributes to energy autonomy.
A special rate, not a subsidy
A solar electricity rate is the instrument that should regulate the price or the repercussions of socio-environmental benefits that are derived from the citizens who invest in self-produced energy. The Terra Foundation claims that the bonus system has demonstrated itself not to be any more effective than producing a wave of economic speculation.
A solar electricity rate should be designed as a negative coefficient linked to the generating power and the electric production of form so that it implies a minor cost in the kW of consumption thanks to self differential production. This would be a way of being jointly responsible with the collective benefits of the citizens investments in self production with renewable energy. In Spain (2009) there are 24 million subscribers with a domestic rate of last resort below (10 kW) and 2 million in the free market. The Terra Foundation defends that all investments in self-produced energy should lean more towards being a country that has increased its quotas of emmission of greenhouse gases dramatically.